The single-family house has been constructed since the beginning of the last century. It is considered to be one of the new architecture’s laboratories in France, Germany, Netherlands, Austria and the United States, which their inhabitants are sensitive to the new ways of living and change the customs of quotidian domesticity.
During this time the concept of modern spatiality appears with open floors and centrifuged composition, which Colin Rowe called “Peripheral Composition”: The orthogonal matrix space is stratified localized at the edges, paradoxically conditioned intensified by the affirmation of the center which is the vertical emphasis. It is preferred using deep, bright white light proliferating suggesting immateriality. Mass effects are prescribed and the volume decomposition in the flat surfaces is constant.
Mies van der Rohe combines the open floor plan with panes that disappear in the Tugendhat House, Brno (1928-1930). Richard Neutra constructs for Lovell between 1927 and 1929, in Los Angeles, a volume layered with overlapping horizontal planes on the steep slope of the land. Mies van der Rohe also uses this same argument in the week end pavilion for Dr. Farnsworth in Plano (1945-1950).
The House BF superimposed the artificiality, the formal autonomy on the topography and the land’s limits. It attends to the solar orientation, the access encounters duplication of visual relations between distant views in the main rooms and other closed ones in the most domestic spaces.
The planes are perforated to open a lit courtyard to the garden and insert the access to the stairway as the only element in contact with the ground. This allows organizing the program at the edges, and thus eliminating the corridors.
The horizontal structural mesh planned to be on the existing walls emphasizes the technological, compositional and iconographic hybridization, an example that retrieves the source of the architects of the European and the North-American art.
Like in all architectural projects, to make a home a place, a client and a program are needed. In the domestic case, the impediments or the conditions do not exist beyond the intellectual risk of their authors, accepted by the customer. The project is fulfilled by the collaboration of two studies, OAB and ADI Architecture, with continuity and consolidation of the architects’ teamwork, which is derived from works like the Impiva headquarters in Castellón, the Congress Auditorium and the Palace of Castellón, or the house of Jose Manuel Ferrater in Alcanar (Tarragona).